Ideally, we all would like to have enough space for the “perfect” Dojang. However, many of us, use existing facilities, like dance halls, sport complexes, and more. Some are in places with walls of various types, of various materials and in various shapes and layouts. So, this is an “ideal” space, of four walls (training floor) and in a rectangular shape.
A true Dojang is a space, that isn’t used for advertisements! It isn’t about showing your students and prospective students about how many trophies you or you students won/win. It’s not about showing the world the 400 training and black belt certificates, or the huge banners etc. A true Dojang, should be sparsely decorated, we don’t want students to be detractive by all the “bells and whistles” of the school, but it should be only about the training!
An ‘ideal” floor plan should have the “head wall” in Korean it is called “Jeon Myeon / ??” (Japanese=Shomen / ??), the right side called in Korean (Japanese = Joseki), and left sides (Japanese = Shimoseki), with one of the sides with training mirrors (only one side, as you would create a mirroring effect if used on both), and the mirrors will also help reflect your light as well., and then the back wall which is called Hwa Chan we / ??? (Japanese = Shimoza / ??). The “ideal” front wall should be simple, and display no more then a few items. In most Dojangs, we see at least the national flag, then association flag, and then the South Korean flag, the school or assocation plaque/certificate, a photo of the head of the association, school etc. Here is an example that the Kido Kwan prefers, this is only a guideline. 1 denotes the flag of the State, or other flag , like an association flag (in this case, this is the flag of the U.S. state of Texas) and 2 is the flag of South Korea, however, in the case of Taekwon-Do, I would highly recommend the “Unified Korea Flag” as General Choi had lived in both what is now North Korea and South Korea equally, and of course he advocated that he was a Korean, and not a South or North Korean. Both the State/Association flag should be small in size, something like a 2′ by 3′ (60.96cm by 121.92cm) flag basically about half the size of 6 or your national flag! I would also recommend that these to be ‘framed’ and that it conform with any of your local rules for such displays.
3 should be the association plaque or certificate (in this case the ITF turtle plaque), and then the photo 4 of the founder of the association (in this case Choi, Hong-hi) and then the Tenants of Taekwon-Do 5. Of course there can be some changes to this display, but, I have been to many schools where they have the head instructors photo on the front wall, this is a vane idea as the head instructor, should already be at the head of the wall while present! 6 should be reserved for your national flag, and in this case it is the flag of the United States. The flag should be 4′ by 6′ and basically the largest display on the front wall. This flag should be twice the size of any other flag present on this wall. As with flags in position 1 and 2, the national flag should be hung per the guidelines for such displays. I have seen many schools that display the national flag incorrectly. You can easily obtain information from the internet on how to hang a flag correctly, and of course flag etiquette, I would recommend you follow such rules, and in fact, by not displaying the national flag correctly you could face civil or even criminal charges by doing it wrong, so please when in doubt, ask!
Please remember, that when you bow (salute) you are of course paying tribute to 1-5, but you are saluting your national flag, not any other flag! This is the proper methods of showing and displaying respect. You as an American (or what ever your national identity is) should not be bowing or saluting any other flag (national banner) but that of your own nation!
All certificates of rank, all school photos, rank boards should be displayed ideally out of the training area. In the area were the public sits is the place where to ‘advertise’ school accomplishments, photos etc. But remember, the training hall should be basic, devoid of the egos.
Here is how the Kido Kwan does the schools layout. If we have more then one instructor, or guest instructors, the senior is in the upper left, and then descends diagonal towards the right corner. Then the senior students line up, and the junior students behind them.