The World Taekwondo Federation said today (Sunday) the will perform at the UN Monday.
The World Taekwondo Federation said today (Sunday) the will perform at the UN Monday.
The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) has revealed details of the pilot project for its Taekwondo Humanitarian Foundation, which aims to deliver the sport and education programmes to refugee camps around the world.
Scheduled to begin on January 1, 2016, the 12-month project in Jordan is split into six phases, with each phase being conducted across two-month periods.
Participants aged from as young as six-years-old will undertake theoretical and practical classes in each of the six phases, at the end of which they will be tested in both elements.
Studying English literature, including taekwondo terminology, history and concepts, provides the basis for the theoretical classes, while the practical sessions will focus on the taekwondo disciplines of poomsae and kyorugi.
The initiative comes in response to the migrant crisis, with figures from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), putting the number of refugees worldwide at almost 20 million, and the number of forcibly displaced people at nearly 60 million.
“It is time to act,” said Choue, who is here for day one of the WTF Grand Prix Series 2.
“The World Taekwondo Federation, which administers the Olympic sport globally, is doing just that.
“We are establishing the Taekwondo Humanitarian Foundation this year in Lausanne, Switzerland.
“Its mandate is to deploy taekwondo coaches to refugee camps worldwide, bringing the benefits of fitness, sport, self-defence, self-belief and self-respect to those who need it most.
“Taekwondo is an economical, easily deployed deliverable that can help raise the quality of life for refugees in camps worldwide, both children and adults.
“As an International Federation of the International Olympic Committee, the WTF is fulfilling its social responsibility.
“And our sport has precedents for helping people overcome adversity.”
Coming soon will be a history of Song Moo Kwan (松武館-송무관) and really the history of the Korean Kicking and Punching arts from 1944 on. It was very influential in the formation of the Korean Kwans (Chung Do Kwan 청도관-靑濤館, Moo Duk Kwan 무덕관-武德館, Chang Moo Kwan 창무관-彰武館) etc……learn directly from the founder and the current leader(s) of the Song Moo Kwan!
Wall art for your home, school or office! Hangul (Korean) and Hanja (Kanji/Chinese) related to your Korean martial art school, style or even organization. There will be no more then 27 of any one design. Each design will be hand made, inked and individually numbered by the up and coming calligrapher BongHwang 봉황.
Depending on what is being made most calligraphy will be on single set of the same material, below we see “HwaRang” in both Hangul and Hanga. The first series will play a role in promoting the patterns of the Chang Hon system by providing high quality, one of a kind art work for your Dojang, home or office. You will be able to pick and choose one or all the 25 patterns of the modern era of Taekwondo-Do! But remember, not many will be made of each, so once they come up you will want to be quick!
SEOUL, Korea (August 19, 2015) – International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach was made an honorary 10th Dan black belt in the martial art of taekwondo today, during a visit to the headquarters of the sport’s world governing body.
The IOC chief was personally awarded the belt by World Taekwondo Federation President Chungwon Choue.
“Thank you very much for the honor of the 10th Dan black belt,” Bach said – adding with a joke, “After I was informed of it, I started practicing!”
“There have only been three people in the world awarded the 10thDan,” Choue explained. “Former IOC Presidents Juan Antonio Samaranch and Jacques Rogge well as U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.”
Attired in a taekwondo uniform, Bach then smashed a board with a punch before the awarding ceremony.
The IOC president had been greeted at the entrance to the WTF headquarters – opposite the West Gate of Seoul’s medieval Gyeongbok Palace – by uniformed members of the WTF Demonstration Team.
He then held a round-table discussion between himself, Choue and officials including IOC Member and Chair of the IOC Coordination Committee for PyeongChang Ms. Gunilla Lindberg, IOC Protocol Chief Ms. Marina Baramia, IOC Director General Christophe De Kepper as well as WTF Secretary General Hoss Rafaty, WTF Council Member and Russian Taekwondo Union President Anatoly Terekhov and Korean Vice Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Kim Chong.
During the meeting, taekwondo’s preparations for the 2016 Rio and 2020 Tokyo Olympics, the spread of taekwondo worldwide and an upcoming initiative by the WTF, the Taekwondo Humanitarian Foundation, which will teach taekwondo at refugee camps, were all discussed.
Bach was particularly interested in the status of female and Muslim athletes in the sport. In the 2015 WTF World Taekwondo Grand Prix Series 1, which had concluded in Moscow just three days ago, two Muslim female athletes – Turkey’s Nafia Kus and Iran’s Kimia Alizadeh Zenoorin– had won gold medals.
The IOC president and his delegation were on a two-day visit to Korea. Before their courtesy call to the WTF headquarters, they had met Korean President Park Geun-hye at the nearby presidential residence, the Blue House, to discuss progress on the upcoming 2018 PyeongyChang Winter Olympics.
ORGINAILLY PUBLISHED BY World Taekwondo Federation
You can choose more then one art….
|Taekwon-Do (Chang Hon, ITF)||19 Votes(54%)|
|Tae Kwon Do (ATA, WTA, otherwise non-affiliated)||2 Votes(5%)|
|Taekwondo (WTF, Kukkiwon)||3 Votes(8%)|
|Shototkan Karate||1 Votes(2%)|
|American Kenpo Karate||1 Votes(2%)|
|Muy Thai||0 Votes(0%)|
|Goju Ryu Karate||1 Votes(2%)|
|Kuk Sool Won||1 Votes(2%)|
|Tang Soo Do (all branches)||1 Votes(2%)|
Total Votes: 35
Absent political considerations there should be no valid reason to exclude Gen. Choi from any Martial Art Hall Of Fame. While his many accomplishments speak for themselves, many do not realize that some of what he did was unprecedented & at times unmatched in the TKD world. However because at various points in his life some of his personal political views concerning his unfairly divided homeland of Korea & certain governmental leaders back home resulted in some negativity that has unfortunately tainted his TKD record.
While Gen. Choi’s personal politics & views are his own, many feel that it should not impact what he did for TKD & how his work continues to influence millions globally in a very positive way. As a result you, as a TKD person, should take the time out to send an email to the new Taekwondowon in MuJu, South Korea respectfully requesting that Gen. Choi receive the highest honor possible for his international impact on TKD. We know 1 thing for sure, without Gen. Choi there would be no TKD. He of course named it. Now there still may have been another Korean Martial Sport that made it into the Olympics, but it would not have been TKD. So every single student of TKD, no matter his or her age, rank or location on this planet, owes some small debt of gratitude to Gen. Choi. PLEASE take a brief moment of your time to send an email to:
It is the least we can do & if not Gen. Choi, then really, who does deserve this honor?
You are not limited with your nominations. You can feel free to nominate anyone you feel is worthy. However if we don’t succeed in getting Gen. Choi honored, it probably will not be possible initially to have any of his followers acknowledged. Also please understand the Taekwondowon put out requests on their Korean language Facebook Page & website. They have also sent a request to the WTF for nominations. So if you don’t nominate Gen. Choi who will? There is no apparent visible outreach to the ITF side. Please do not allow politics to continue to get disrupt the martial art way of TKD’s “DO”! The Taekwondowon needs to here from all of us, as they are on record saying their new TKD Park is for all. So lets please give them the opportunity to demonstrate that wonderful posture with fair & just action by honoring the man who started it all.
Eddie (left) 3rd place breaking, 2nd place Patterns(Choong Moo), 2nd place Weapons (Bo Staff)
Alan (right) 3rd place breaking (Me and Eddie tied), 2nd place sparring, 1st place Patterns (Po Eun !!! ), 1st place Weapons (Bo Staff).
These two black belts are direct students of Master (senior) Gwen F. Hall, VIII Dan (center) who helped judge in the tournament hosted by WarCats by Reymundo Gonzales, VII Dan.
IF you take this survey, your answers will only count if you fill in the basic information asked. This is in part to insure we don’t have duplicate posts etc.
AS OF 14/ July/2015
President Choi, Jung-Hwa aka ITF-C HQ Middlesex United Kingdom 24%
President Chang Ung aka ITF-NK HQ Vienna, Austria 28%
President Pablo Trajtenberg aka ITF-V HQ Beindorn, Spain 19%
Secretary General Oh Chang Jin aka ITF-K HQ Seoul South Korea 9%
GM Hwang, Kwang-sung aka UITF Manchester , CT USA 11%
GM Rhee, Ki-ha aka FGMR 04%
GM Phap Lu aka Chan Hon Ryu 01%
Lots and lots of things have been said about “what is Taekwon-Do” and how to “spell Taekwon-Do”, Taekwondo, taekwondo, Taekwon do, Tae Kwon Do, TaeKwonDo etc. Of course, going strictly by the way it is written in Taekwon-Do’s country of origin, well, it is just 태권도. It has no space, no capitals and no hyphens. Of course, the same is true when we look at the Hanja (Chinese/Japanese) way to write Taekwon-Do 跆拳道.
So, why do we have so many ways of writing this rather simple three syllable word? Well, we could start with the etymology of this word. Taekwon-Do is not a native Korean term! It is a word of Chinese origin that has as many words in many tongues almost exclusively adopted by Korea. The word also has or parts of the word also have strong Japanese ties. As most know, Korea was a nation state of the Japanese Empire for some time. So it isn’t unreasonable to see that terms of Japanese origin would sneak into the Korean vocabulary. But before we head into the etymology of Taekwon-Do, let’s see what other authors, masters, grandmasters of Taekwon-Do say….
As to why the I.T.F. and the Kido Kwan uses the spelling of “Taekwon-Do” well, simple put, General Choi when asked personally by me, said the spelling in English should be “Taekwon-Do” with the emphasis on the “Taekwon” is the art, and greeting, and “Do” is the philosophy.
Choi, Hong-hi stated in his book TAEKWON-DO THE ART OF SELF-DEFENSE copyright: 1965 that “Translated from Korean, “Tae” (t’ae) literally means to jump or kick or smash with the foot. “Kwon” denotes a fist-chiefly to punch or destroy with the hand or fist. “Do” means an art, or way or method. Thus taken collectively “Taekwon-Do” indicates the punches, flying kicks, blocks, dodges and interceptions with the hands, arms and feet to the rapid destruction of the opponent (Choi 14).
In the fourth edition of Choi, Hong-hi’s book TAEKWON-DO (The Korean Art of Self-Defence) copyright: 1995 and more commonly referred to as the “condensed encyclopedia” he states: “Translated literally “Tae” stands for jumping of flying, to kick with the foot. “Kwon” denotes the fist-chiefly to punch or destroy with the hand or fist. “Do” means an art or way-the right way built and paved by the saints and sages in the past. Thus taken collectively “Taekwon-Do” indicates the mental training and the techniques of unarmed combat for self-defence as well as health, involving the skilled application of punches, kicks, blocks and dodges with bare hands and feet to the rapid destructions of the moving opponent or opponents” (Choi 15).
Cho, Shi-hak also known as Henry Cho in his 1968 book KOREAN KARATE Free Fighting Techniques states that “Tae-kwon is the Korean word for karate recently adopted by the Korean Tae-Kwon do Federation. Tae-kwon do (tae meaning foot; kwon, fist; and do, martial art) is identical to Japanese karate, and the title is a literal description of an art consisting of foot and hand techniques.” (Cho 21)
Chun, Rhin-moon also known as Richard Chun in his 1976 book TAE KWON DO The Korean Martial Art stated that “Tae Kwon Do, “The Art of Kicking and Punching,” incorporates the abrupt, linear movements of Karate and the flowing, circular patterns of Kung Fu with its own incomparable kicking techniques to form an integrated system unique to Korea. (Chun 7, 8)
Son, Duk-sun & Robert Clark in their book KOREAN KARATE THE ART OF TAE KWON DO copyright 1968 says “Tae Kwon Do is a Korean martial art.” And “Tae Kwon Do is essentially discipline: discipline of the mind, the body, and the spirit.” (Son 1, 5)
Jimmy M.S. Too in his book THE TECHNIQUES OF TAEKWON-DO A Modern International Martial Art simply states “Taekwon-do is an effective and superior form of martial art. It employs hand and foot techniques for self defense.” (Too 28)
B.S. Huan in his book TAEKWON-DO says “TaeKwon-Do is the Korean martial art that was perfected by the Korean TaeKwon-Do movement in 1955 to supersede ancient Korean fighting arts. And “Tae” means to jump or kick or smash with the feet” “Kwon means to block, punch, and strike with the hand or fist. And “Do” means “An art”. (Huan 17)
Clearly, we also have different ways of defining exactly what Taekwon-Do is as well.
Choi, Hong-hi “Taekwon-Do: The Art of Self Defense” Daeha Publication: Seoul, Korea. 1965
Choi, Hong-hi “Taekwon-Do: The Korean Art of Self Defense” International Taekwon-Do Federation: Printed in New Zealand. 1995
Cho, Shihak Henry “KOREAN KARATE Free Fighting Techniques” Charles E. Tuttle Company: Publishers Copyright 1968
Chun, RhinMoon Richard “TAE KWON DO The Korean Martial Art” Harper & Row Publishers, Copyright 1976
Son, Duk-sun & Robert Clark “KOREAN KARATE THE ART OF TAE KWON DO” Prentice Hall Press, Copyright 1968
Jimmy M.S. Too “The Techniques of Taekwon-Do” Bushido Publishers, Singapore, Copyright November 1975
B.S. Huan “TAEKWON-DO” Russ International Publishers Singapore, Copyright 1975
It is with great sadness to inform that Grandmaster Benny S. Rivera “Father of Taekwon-do in Puerto Rico” has passed away suffering from heart attack. Our sincere condolences go to GM Rivera’s family and students. May his soul rest in perfect peace!
Puerto Rico counts on one of the biggest martial advocates of the art in the world. At the moment he possesses the rank of eighth Dan and is the first Latin American in obtaining this rank.
Furthermore he is one of the figure heads in the development of the art of Taekwon-Do at world level. Master Rivera began his studies of Taekwon-Do in 1969 with his instructor G.M. Kong Young Il obtaining the rank of first Dan. In 1975 he returned to Puerto Rico where he started a school for the first time. Master Benny Rivera is physically active in the education of Taekwon-Do and continues the legacy of Taekwon- Do. In the course of time Master Rivera is obtaining great recognition with the number of events, national and international. Managing to spread his knowledge through all the islands by means of its instructors.
In 1978 Masters Rivera obtained a gold medal in the world Championship celebrated in Oklahoma City. Through the representation of Masters Rivera, Puerto Rico has been awarded the best instructor of Taekwon-Do by the founder General Choi Hong Hi. In 1987 Master Rivera was inducted to the Hall of the Fame next to Chuck Norris and Bruce Lee, on April 6 of 2007 he was nominated once again to the Hall of Fame of Taekwon-Do along with some of the great pioneers in the history of the art. At the moment he is the President of the Pan-American council of Taekwon-Do and Chairman of the committee “elite pro fight” of the International Taekwon-Do Federation.
It’s with deep regret that we notify you that Grandmaster Nam, Tae-Hi (March 19, 1923- November 7, 2013) has passed away in a hospital near his home in Garden Grove, CA. USA. More to follow soon!
The 2013 Midwest Open is less than 6 weeks away. I want to personally invite you to the Midwest Open Taekwondo Championship November 23rd & 24th in Decatur, Illinois. Every year we try to make things better than the last if possible. We will be starting the weekend with registrations & pre-registrations on Friday November 22nd from 5:00-8:00pm at the Decatur Conference Center & Hotel. There will also be plenty of training area for teams to practice before the event.
2013 midwest open poster
2013 midwest open packet
Saturday will consist of forms, sparring and grand champion award in forms along with our Chris Canning award and black belt scholarship. New for 2013!!! We have added electronic chest protectors (kpp) for all black belt divisions. The socks will be available for black belt sparer’s to rent for $5 at the tournament.
Sunday will be breaking, weapons and grand champion in those events. Again this year we will be having grand champion in forms, breaking and weapons and anyone that places 1st in their division will be allowed to compete for that award. We have added another Grand champion award in breaking as well. All grand champion awards this year will be 6′ trophies!!! In addition to those awards we will be having our special Chris Canning grand champion award. Instructors please submit names of anyone that you would like to recommend for this award.
We will also be having our Chris Canning $500 scholarship awarded to 1 black belt at the event. Please go to the tournament website for information.
We have worked hard on the tournament schedule to make sure that everyone knows what time they will compete. We have also improved our tournament website by adding spectator passes online. We also have discount competitor rates for multiple family members.
The tournament venue consists of a huge competition area with 6 matted rings and electronic scoring, staging area and separate warm up area. We also have a play area for young ones. The Decatur Conference Center & Hotel also is offering discount rates for rooms for anyone that is at the Midwest Open Taekwondo Championship. The newly remodeled hotel offers 2 restaurants, and indoor pool, hot tub and sauna, sports bar and a video game area.
As we have done in past years if you are an instructor bringing competitors, you will receive 1 free night stay at the tournament hotel for every 10 pre-registered competitors! The top 3 schools will receive an award. All children age 12 and under will receive an award and everyone that wins in forms, breaking or weapons has an opportunity at grand champion awards regardless of age or belt rank.
I am attaching all the tournament information for you and your school to look over. Feel free to pass this on. We are making every effort to assure that everyone has a great experience. The tournament staff will do their best to make sure the event runs smoothly and expeditiously. That all competitors, guests, coaches and officials are treated fairly and with respect. And that competitors get great and fair competition along with a great experience. I am always available for questions, comments or concerns before, during or after the event. If you have any questions do not hesitate to call or email me.
Feel free to get all the tournament information or sign up online at www.midwestchampionships.com
The Kido Kwan and several of it’s members have been featured or written articles that have appeared in Totally Tae Kwon Do, which is a downloadable PDF magazine for Tae Kwon Do enthusiasts across the globe. The magazine dedicated to all aspects of the martial art of Tae Kwon Do, arguably the world’s most popular martial art and Olympic sport. The magazine caters for all styles of the art, so whether you’re Ch’ang Hon/ITF, KKW/WTF or any other style of Tae Kwon Do, then the magazine will be of interest to you. So if you do Taekwon-Do, Taekwondo or Tae Kwon Do, then this magazines for you.
An instructor of one of the Kido Kwan Directors has sadley passed…
WICHITA, Kan. – Wilson Vann, a citizen of the Cherokee Nation and master instructor of martial arts, died on Aug. 8 at age 89.
Born on June 11, 1924, in Short, Okla., he eventually joined the U.S. Navy and served in the Pacific theater during World War II. After the war, he worked 36 years at Cessna Aircraft in Wichita before retiring and moving to Tahlequah, Okla., where he resided until 2011.
He owned Judo and Tae Kwon Do schools for more than 50 years, which produced many champions in national and international competition. He had a reputation as a noted instructor of martial arts in the U.S. and Korea, specializing in Tae Kwon Do and Kodokan Judo. He held a black belt in Judo and a ninth-degree black belt in Tae Kwon Do from the Han Moo Kwan. Han Moo Kwan was founded in August 1954 by Kyo Yoon Lee and is one of the nine original Kwans that later formed Kukkiwon Tae Kwon Do.
Vann is survived by his wife Loretta (Riner) of 65 years, three children, four grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
According to a Cherokee Nation email, “Vann was a proud Cherokee and a WWII veteran. For many years he taught young men and women Tae Kwon Do. Using martial arts as a platform, he also taught them much of what they needed to succeed in life. That teaching included working hard, being honest, never giving up. His students learned courage and commitment. He left us hundreds of heroes in waiting. They will support their families, help their friends, maintain a sense of honor; and, God willing, live a peaceful life. But when courage is needed, they will have it. And in great part, it will be due to the quiet, unassuming mentoring of a great man.”
Funeral and graveside services were expected be held on Aug. 14 at the Old Mission Cemetery and Funeral Home in Wichita. Memorials in Vann’s memory may be made to the American Cancer Society. Thoughts and memories may be shared in the online guestbook at oldmissionmortuary.com.
Master Lee Kyu Hyung (Kyemyeng University – 9th Dan) is the new President of Kukkiwon after being provisionally named yesterday by the Director of the organization’s board, Mr Hong. Master Lee Kyu Hyung will immediately start working for Kukkiwon, as he’s decided to make today his first day as the Chair-in-Office.
Mr Hong did also name some more positions within the organization yesterday: Oh Hyuen Deuk will be the Administrative Deputy Director, while No Sun Myeng was supposed to be the Director of Education, a position which he finally refused to take. Master Lee and Mr Oh have already started to actively work for the development of Kukkiwon.
Master Lee replaces Mr Kim Chung Gun, who was acting as the Chair-in-Office during Hong’s trip to USA. We will now await the official appointment of Master Lee, which is expected to happen in the coming days if there’s no public reaction against the appointment eventually.
Mr Hong did also name 11 new members of the Kukkiwon board last Friday August 16th.
– Lim Yun Taek (Seoul Taekwondo Association President)
– Kim Chul Ho (KTA Vice-President)
– Kim Tae Il (Taekwondo Professional Association President)
– Hwang In Sik (Kyengkido Association Vice-Presiedent)
– Kim Sang Chen (Kyeng Min University Professor)
– Kim Hyen Sueng (Former Congressman)
– Kim Chel Ki (Former Secretary General of the Pro Park Movement)
– Oh Hyen Deuk (Former Kukkiwon Vice-President)
– Kim Myeng Yeun (Congressman)
– Ham Jin Kyu (Congressman)
However, this list of new members of the Kukkiwon board has caused controversy, as the appointments were made on the same day that the former board was dissolved.
There were 70 Countries represented at the World Congress meeting and over 800 participants from 58 Nations.
INDIVIDUAL PATTERN FEMALE I DEGREE
1- Pak Mi Hyang DPR KOREA
2 – OSHIMA HIROKO JAPAN
3 – Yadamjav ENKHZUL MONGOLIA
3- Chilingirova Mirela BULGARIA
INDIVIDUAL PATTERN FEMALE II DEGREE
1 – Kim Kum Jong DPR KOREA
2 – DIMITRIOU THOMAIS HELLAS
3 – Pushkareva Alina RUSSIA
3 – MOISEIENKO ANNA UKRAINE
INDIVIDUAL PATTERN FEMALE III DEGREE
1 – Kim Hyang Sim DPR KOREA
2 – Alieva Mehrangez TAJIKISTAN
3- MOISEIENKO VIKTORIIA UKRAINE
3 – Zhuravlyova – Alyona UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
INDIVIDUAL PATTERN FEMALE IV DEGREE
1 – Ri Hyang DPR KOREA
2- Baranovskaya Anastasia RUSSIA
3 – HO CHAI JING MALAYSIA
3 – Malcheva Albena BULGARIA
INDIVIDUAL PATTERN MALE I DEGREE
1 – Bavuudorj BISHGARAV MONGOLIA
2 – Kress Andrey RUSSIA
3 – Murodzoda Parvizi TAJIKISTAN
3 Ri Chung Il DPR KOREA
INDIVIDUAL PATTERN MALE II DEGREE
1 Han Song Min 2 DPR KOREA
2 Tang Bo CHINA
3 HARA KAIKI JAPAN
3 ZISOPOULOS DIMITRIOS HELLAS
INDIVIDUAL PATTERN MALE III DEGREE
1 LYAMIN STANISLAV KAZAKHSTAN
2 Fartushniak Alexander RUSSIA
3 Chaloupka Jan CZECH REPUBLIC
3 ISAKOVYCH VOLODYMYR UKRAINE
INDIVIDUAL PATTERN MALE IV DEGREE
1 Ri Myong Jin DPR KOREA
2 Piksaev Evgeny RUSSIA
3 YOSYPENKO YEVHENII UKRAINE
3 Datiz Torres, Luis A. PUERTO RICO
TEAM PATTERN FEMALE
1 TEAM Adult Female DPR KOREA
2 TEAM Adult Female RUSSIA
3 TEAM Adult Female CZECH REPUBLIC
3 TEAM Adult Female BULGARIA
TEAM PATTERN MALE
1 TEAM Adult Male DPR KOREA
2 TEAM Adult Male JAPAN
3 TEAM Adult Male PUERTO RICO
3 TEAM Adult Male TAJIKISTAN
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING FEMALE -45kg
1 MOISEIENKO ANNA UKRAINE
2 Ri Un Jong DPR KOREA
3 Gantulga URANBILEG MONGOLIA
3 Taseva Eymi BULGARIA
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING FEMALE -51kg
1 MOISEIENKO VIKTORIIA UKRAINE
2 Kim Kum Jong DPR KOREA
3 Moreno Giselle ARGENTINA
3 Laura Orgil ENGLAND
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING FEMALE -57kg
1 Ri Hyang DPR KOREA
2 Koleva Amaliya BULGARIA
3 Khabibullaeva Ganjina TAJIKISTAN
3 Adushnaeva Iuliia RUSSIA
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING FEMALE -63kg
1 Pak Mi Hyang DPR KOREA
2 Malcheva Albena BULGARIA
3 OSTAPENKO OKSANA UKRAINE
3 BEKYROU MATINA-MARINA HELLAS
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING FEMALE -69kg
1 Sin Jong Hwa DPR KOREA
2 AGAPI KAPETANOPOULOS CANADA
3 Hambergerova Ilona CZECH REPUBLIC
3 NASHCHINETS ALINA UKRAINE
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING FEMALE -75kg
1 Kim Su Ryon DPR KOREA
2 Chilingirova Mirela BULGARIA
3 DESSI ZAHARIEVA CANADA
3 TETEREVIATNYKOVA TETIANA UKRAINE
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING FEMALE +75kg
1 Choe Su Ryon DPR KOREA
2 SIRŠE SAŠA SLOVENIA
3 Kolarova Katerina CZECH REPUBLIC
3 PATAKA STAVROULA HELLAS
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING MALE -50kg
1 Kim Chol Hak DPR KOREA
2 Baglaev Boris RUSSIA
3 VOLOSHYN IVAN UKRAINE
3 Khakimi Khasan TAJIKISTAN
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING MALE -57kg
1 Otsimik Evgeny RUSSIA
2 Ri Chung Il DPR KOREA
3 Akhmedov Alisher TAJIKISTAN
3 KOLESNYK OLEKSANDR UKRAINE
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING MALE -64kg
1 Rim Wi Sok DPR KOREA
2 GRECHISHNIKOV DENYS UKRAINE
3 Murodzoda Parvizi TAJIKISTAN
3 Yanchev Atanas BULGARIA
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING MALE -71kg
1 Hong pom DPR KOREA
2 Tkachev Mikhail RUSSIA
3 Naimov Muhammadjon TAJIKISTAN
3 MUKHAMEDOV FAKHRI UKRAINE
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING MALE -78kg
1 Han Song Min DPR KOREA
2 PILINKEVYCH DMYTRO UKRAINE
3 ALEXANDER MARTINEZ CANADA
3 Vrchovecky Jan CZECH REPUBLIC
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING MALE -85kg
1 Kress Andrey RUSSIA
2 Pak Yong Bom DPR KOREA
3 Vyzral Ales CZECH REPUBLIC
3 Rodriguez Baez, Angel PUERTO RICO
INDIVIDUAL SPARRING MALE +85kg
1 Martsevich Denis RUSSIA
2 Davidov Antoni BULGARIA
3 Aleksandr Antonov ESTONIA
3 REZAR MATEJ SLOVENIA
Written & Published by Doug Nowling, 23 July 2013
This is another article in a series that is focusing on the DPRK “influence” in the Taekwon-Do world. Good or bad, the DPRK has had it’s hand in things and in this case Taekwon-Do. I want reader to know that these articles are not a reflection of the average people of North Korea, they are Korean’s and as Korean’s we share a common bond of friendship and mutual respect. We are mainly discussing the government and its agents and not those of the Korean peoples!
It is known quite publicly that the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korean (DPRK) AKA North Korea has had a system of corrupt officials, politicians and that the average citizens has about as much right to live a “free” life as a horse fly does. The DPRK also routinely violates the laws of other nations, and most recently tried unsuccessfully to travel through the Panama Canal Zone which, the Panamanian government stopped and seized the cargo ship Chong Chon Gang 청천강호/淸川江號 where they found two MiG21 Fighter Jets, short and medium range missile and other contraband that is currently banned under UN mandates.
The Chong Chon Gang recently docked in Cuba, a very rare friend of the DPRK in the Western Hemisphere, and they make the claim the weapons were being refurbished by the DPRK however, this clearly isn’t the case, as both MiG fighters had fuel in them, and as any Navel personal will tell you, you only send fuel in equipment if you plan on using them! This particular cargo ship has a long history, it has been detained by authorities all over the world, especially since 2003, it has been cited or detained by other nations such as the Ukraine, Iran, Egypt, Malaysia, Portugal, Philippines and more recently of course recently Panama. This ship along with the majority of the DPRK cargo fleet routinely turns off its AIS (global maritime satellite position) which is mandated by international maritime law as well.
So, what does this have to do with Taekwon-Do? Well quite frankly, on the surface of
it….nothing, but when you look at the culture behind the DPRK, and the fact that they have 73 North Korean black belts (several in the Master status) now actively teaching throughout the world, mainly in the former Soviet Bloc counties, but, also in some “Western bloc” as well, like New Zealand, Japan, etc. They are now promoting an art that to them is 30 years old, and producing black belt instructors that truly don’t understand the art, either technically or spiritually. This is based on first hand knowledge, actions they portray publicly, and privately. And in a few examples there near god like devotion to the DPRK system and of course the Kim Family.
I along with my guest writers and myself, we will go into detail on what it is like to train under a “DPRK” instructor and allow you the readers to compare that to training under other instructors. If the DPRK instructors were truly teaching Taekwon-Do…then this article and any like it would not be of interest, however, their brand of Taekwon-Do is not that of the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF), it is their own brand, that they use the ITF to have the ability to travel and teach “ITF Taekwon-Do” however, it is really “Juche Taekwon-Do” 주체태권도/主體跆拳道 and this is evident any time you see Taekwon-Do in North Korean medial, print or even commemorative coins and stamps!
Over the next series of weeks, we will publish first hand accounts of training, money raising, technical standards and other means used by instructors from the DPRK that you, the reader can judge for yourselves if the DPRK style instructors are teaching Taekwon-Do or are they furthering themselves, and or the DPRK regime.
By Andrew Salmon
By Andrew Salmon
Students at the University of Texas sport hall looked on as a wiry, barefoot Asian man, dressed in what looked like white pajamas, secured with a strip of black cloth, strode the length of the hall, punching the air and kicking above his head. Then he raised his knee, yelled, and kicked out at one of the gymnasium’s 40-foot-high wooden beams.
The veneer in the wood cracked all the way to the ceiling.
Astonished, the students watched intently as the little man called out members of the university football team to demonstrate on. Each — and he chose only the largest — was disposed of with the kind of fighting technique few Americans in the early 1960s had ever seen.
The man’s name was Jhoon Rhee. A recently retired major from the South Korean army who had emigrated to the United States in 1959, he was one of the first masters to demonstrate a martial art called “the way of foot and fist” — or in Korean, “taekwondo.”
As names, Jhoon Rhee, Choi Hong-hi and Kim Un-yong are not nearly as recognizable as those of the presidents, revolutionaries, chairmen, generals and sportspersons who have populated this column thus far, but they have been greatly influential in the international space, for they are three of the key figures who have taught, developed and marketed Korea’s most successful non-industrial export to the world.
Martial art is born
Oddly, this most Korean activity has Japanese antecedents. By the mid-20th century, Korea’s traditional martial art, taekkyun — a folk sport frequently practiced alongside ssireum, or traditional Korean wrestling — was within one practitioner of extinction.
However, during the 1910-1945 colonial era, a number of Koreans had studied Japanese karate — itself, originally an Okinawan import. The most famous of these men, Choi Bae-dal changed his name to Oyama Masutatsu and remained in Japan, where he founded the famous Kyokushin system of karate.
But others taught in Korea, in their schools, or “kwan.” The arts practiced within were variously named kongsudo, taesudo and tangsoodo. It has been claimed by some that there was influence from traditional Korean styles, but the last living taekkyun master, Song Duk-ki, had no relationship with any of the original kwan. The masters of all had studied karate (though one had also studied kung fu) and the material taught was identical to karate in terms of uniforms, training methods and techniques
After the Korean War, the major kwan expanded to nine and in 1955, they met under the headship of Gen. Choi Hong-hi, who had instituted martial arts practice in military training, and agreed to coalesce under a new name suggested by Choi: “taekwondo.”
Taekwondo had government backing, but its Japanese origins did not sit well with a people who harbored sour memories of harsh colonial rule. So taekwondo was Koreanized: local terminology was adopted, a code of conduct written and the national flag emblazoned across uniforms and training halls. A long history was tacked on to the art, tracing taekwondo to the near-mythical warriors of the Goguryeo and Silla Kingdoms, while making little or no reference to Japanese influence. But taekwondo’s technical development would lead it far from its Japanese roots.
Taekwondo takes off
Korean firms won global success not for creativity, but for effective manufacturing and incremental innovation, i.e., starting as copycat makers, then moving up the value chain by tweaking and improving products here and there — a faster semiconductor, a thinner LED screen, etc. So it would be with taekwondo.
From the late 1960s onward, taekwondo began to change. Either consciously or unconsciously, taekwondo began to mirror taekkyun (which Choi, who had not founded one of the first kwan, had studied prior to learning karate) in its emphasis on kicks. Taekwondo masters developed a wide range of powerful thrusting, spinning and jumping kicks. And Koreans pioneered full-contact fighting competitions — a development rejected by Japanese karate organizations, who believed, erroneously, that their skills were too deadly to use full-force. (The only Japanese school which promoted full contact was led by the Korean, Choi/Oyama.) In light of combat experience, changes were made to both training methods and techniques. Taekwondo began to move from a martial art to a combat sport.
On the “mass manufacturing” front, moves were scientifically broken down into easily teachable segments and the solo forms of taekwondo — set sequences of linked moves — were simplified, enabling a single instructor to lead a class of dozens, even hundreds, of practitioners. This enabled systemization of the grading process, which, in turn, eased organizational management and oversight.
As these developments were underway, Koreans were heavily engaged in the Vietnam War. While Korean troops in the Korean War had often been poorly equipped and poorly led, in Vietnam, the “ROKs” proved tough and brutally effective, winning the respect of their American allies. All were trained in taekwondo, and soon they were teaching the art to their allies. The art’s internationalization had begun and as the Vietnam War came to its conclusion, a martial arts boom was surging across the United States.
ITF or WTF?
While U.S. troops in Japan and Okinawa studied karate, GIs in Vietnam and Korea studied taekwondo. But Tokyo was pushing Japanese judo, not Okinawan karate as a global sport, while Seoul promoted taekwondo through the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF), founded in 1966 under Choi’s headship. Under this program, instructors were dispatched abroad to promote the newly organized and rapidly sportifying art.
Choi himself fell afoul of Korea’s then-violent politics. In 1966, he reportedly visited North Korea, where he would subsequently introduce taekwondo. That was a standout moment in a series of events that remain murky to this day, but which include a long-simmering dispute between Choi and President Park Chung-hee. These events would lead Choi to leave South Korea and re-establishing the ITF under his own leadership on neutral ground — Canada — in 1972. (Even murkier events would follow: Choi’s son, Choi Jung-hwa, would later sensationally state that North Korea had hired taekwondo experts to kill President Chun Doo-hwan in the 1980s.)
To replace the ITF, the WTF, or World Taekwondo Federation, was founded in Seoul. To this day, the two organizations represent the North and South Korean versions of the martial art: the former remains the martial art Choi codified, the latter, a more sportified version. In today’s WTF, Choi’s role in taekwondo’s development and promotion has been heavily airbrushed.
However, it seems that the split between the two organizations may have furthered the internationalization of the art, as the two rival bodies competed to win national converts.
Regardless of their affiliation, many Koreans who instructed abroad, including early pioneers such as Rhee, found an eager international audience awaiting them, offering a far better living abroad than at home. Nowhere was this more true than in the United States.
Coming to America
In the early 1970s, Asian martial arts entered the Western world’s cultural mainstream thanks to the chop-socky thrillers of Bruce Lee and David Carradine’s “Kung Fu” television show. Although both Lee and Carradine espoused Chinese martial arts, kung fu teachers in the West were secretive, split between scores of different (and often esoteric) sub-styles, and lacked an overall organizational body.
The Koreans, on the other hand, were organized, visible, hard-working and more than willing to teach the Western public. In addition to their fearsome post-Vietnam War reputation as the “Prussians of Asia,” avuncular masters like Rhee promoted their art as a useful disciplinary and educational endeavor for children. And Korean taekwondo, with its arsenal of high, spinning and jumping kicks, was perfectly placed to catch the eye of a public for whom “Asian martial arts” tended to mean “high kicking.”
Soon, almost every American town had a taekwondo studio in its mall or main street, and martial artists nation- and soon world-wide either learned taekwondo or borrowed its kicks, which became popular weapons at cross-style martial arts tourneys.
Bruce Lee and Jhoon Rhee became friends and exchanged techniques; Rhee reportedly taught Lee high kicks, while Lee taught Rhee his hand techniques. That relationship paved the way for Rhee’s starring role in a forgettable auctioneer “When Taekwondo Strikes” (1973). Rhee (wisely) decided not to pursue a film career and stuck to teaching, though he did create an iconic TV ad, featuring a cute little girl and the strap line “Nobody Bothers Me!”
In 1973, Bruce Lee died. With martial arts movies storming global box offices, the question was who would fill his shoes. It fell to a Korean stylist to become the next global martial arts superstar: Chuck Norris, an all-American martial arts champion who had learned his kicks while stationed at Osan Airbase. Battling drug dealers, Viet Cong and terrorists, Norris emblazoned Korean kicks across popular culture.
To look again at taekwondo in business terms: the U.S. led global trends and success there enabled success anywhere. Taekwondo went global, disseminated by hard-working expatriate teams of Korean instructors, dispatched by the head office in Seoul, the global brand headquarters. But there was one multinational marketing platform for taekwondo still to capture: the Olympics.
Into Olympic Games
Perhaps the defining moment that South Korea emerged onto the world stage was in 1988 as the host of the Summer Olympics. The standout scene of the opening ceremony was a mass display of taekwondo choreography; the art was also a demonstration sport in 1988. This achievement would largely be laid at the door of Kim Un-yong, the WTF head.
Unlike the ITF’s Choi, Kim was not a taekwondo practitioner himself, but a sports politician. The ITF and WTF promoted separate world championships in 1973 — the ITF in Montreal, the WTF in Seoul — but it was the WTF, with the backing of South Korea that had begun to draw ahead in the competition between the two governing bodies.
Kim, who would leapfrog from WTF head to vice president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), successfully lobbied to have WTF taekwondo included in the 1984 Asian Games, then the 1988 Summer Olympics, where it was a demonstration sport in Seoul. In 2000, it became a full medal sport in Sydney.
Kim himself did not reap the rewards of WTF success. In 1999, he received a “severe warning” from the IOC for securing jobs for his children. In 2004, he was arrested in Korea on charges of corruption and embezzlement, following the failure of PyeongChangWinter Olympics bid: he was accused of sacrificing PyeongChang to solidify his own position inside the IOC. He was jailed for two years and expelled from the IOC. It was a dramatic plunge for a man who had so successfully led the WTF, under which organization taekwondo became perhaps the world’s most popular martial art.
Taekwondo of the 21st century, like its Asian cousins karate and kung fu, is facing a new challenge in the global arena. Mixed martial arts competition, or MMA, has proven a massive hit with global television audiences, making it the first combat sport since pro boxing to succeed as mass entertainment.
Moreover, the broad technical range and “no-holds-barred” rule-set of MMA arguably makes it more effective as a fighting system than style-specific martial arts such as judo, taekwondo, karate and kung fu, none of which have won significant audiences beyond their own circles of practitioners. How Asian martial arts will be impacted by MMA in the long-term remains unclear.
Although the current WTF president, the respected academic Dr. Choue Chung-won, eagerly promotes the art’s internationalization — he once noted his pleasure at seeing a demonstration mixing taekwondo and tango — South Korean flags continue to be saluted in taekwondo training halls and sewn on taekwondo uniforms worldwide. It is hard to think of another Olympic sport that so closely binds itself to its country of origin.
And at home, its catchment pool may be dwindling. In the 1960s, 70s and early 80s, Korean taekwondo practitioners were hardcore martial artists in an era when few other extra-curricular activities were available. As growing prosperity makes young Koreans less hardy, ever-increasing leisure options create competition for martial arts.
Today, outside the military PT curriculum and pro-athletic training at sports universities, Korean taekwondo is almost exclusively the province of children. And with regular grade tests being taken by thousands, the once-vaunted black belt has lost its mystique.
Moreover, as of this November, Korea’s Cultural Heritage Committee has recommended taekkyun be listed as a UNESCO living cultural heritage. In a truly remarkable renaissance, the ancient martial art survived Song’s death in 1987. His students oversaw the art surging in popularity in the 1990s, mainly on university campuses. Today, even to the layman’s eyes, it is easy to distinguish between it and taekwondo. An official designation recognizing taekkyun, not taekwondo, as Korea’s traditional martial art, drives a further nail into the latter’s dubious history.
So taekwondo stands at a crossroads. Will it secure a full-time Olympic slot or not? Is it a martial art for adults, a combat sport for athletes, or an educational activity for children? Is it traditional or modern? Is it Korean or international?
Arguably, it is now deep and broad enough to be all the above, for the art’s astonishing global popularization mirrors Korea’s astonishing national ascent — the greatest national success story of the 20th century. However — like the peninsula — it remains divided among different governing bodies, with their own forms and competitive systems.
So what of Choi, Kim and Rhee?
Choi died in 2002 in Pyongyang, where he received a state funeral. He stated that he had taught the art regardless of ideology or nationality, but his ITF has splintered, leaving the WTF dominant. Even so, due to his influence on, and naming of the art, he is widely honored as “the father of taekwondo.”
Kim served his jail term, but never recovered his positions; his role in WTF taekwondo’s global success has largely been superseded by his personal disgrace.According to his website, he is today taking advisory roles in Korean sports organizations
Rhee, now in his 80s, never swerved toward movies or politics, but continues teaching taekwondo, including on Capitol Hill. An icon of physical fitness, he is so respected among America’s elite that, in 2000, he was named alongside Alexander Graham Bell and Albert Einstein as one of the nation’s “most notable immigrants.”
Despite its political vicissitudes, the martial art these men taught, developed and marketed is an icon of modern Korea. Like kimchi, taekwondo is one of a handful of Korean words spoken and recognized worldwide.
By Alex Dobuzinskis (original post here)
Suggested for publication by Master Rick Balkin, Vice-Director KIDO KWAN
LOS ANGELES (Reuters) – Keiko Fukuda, the Japanese-born granddaughter of a samurai who learned judo from its founder and became the highest-ranked woman in the martial art, has died at age 99 in San Francisco, her friend and caregiver said on Saturday.
Fukuda passed away of natural causes at her home on February 9, said Shelley Fernandez, 82, who lived with Fukuda, helped her run the Soko Joshi Judo Club for women in San Francisco and referred to the woman as her adopted older sister.
Standing only 4 foot 10 inches tall, Fukuda ventured into the fire-bombed streets of her native Tokyoduring World War Two to reach the dojo where she taught classes.
Fukoda continued to do judo exercises into her 90s, but used a wheelchair in her final years. At her dojo, she sat in a chair as her assistant teachers worked with students, and would chime in with instructions, Fernandez said.
“Up until the last, she was very lucid and she never forgot any judo techniques – ever,” said Fernandez, who added that Fukuda taught at the school three times a week until she died.
In July 2011, USA Judo conferred on Fukuda the rank of “10th dan,” the highest level of mastery possible in the martial art. She was the only woman in the world and the only person in the United States to ever achieve that status.
Only three others hold that title, and they are all men who received the promotion from the Kodokan Institute in Tokyo, which is considered the headquarters for the sport.
The Kodokan promoted Fukuda to “9th dan” in 2006, five years after she received that rank from the U.S.-based branch of judo. The same year the Kodokan promoted her, it vaulted the three current male holders of “10th dan” to that level.
‘CHOSE JUDO OVER MARRIAGE’
Fukuda was born in Tokyo on April 12, 1913, into an upper-class family. Her grandfather was a samurai master of jujitsu who taught the martial art to Jigoro Kano, who went on to create judo. When Fukuda was 21, Kano invited her to join a women’s division at the Kodokan.
As a woman, Fukuda had been expected to marry and devote herself to such home-based arts as the Japanese tea ceremony, but instead she gave herself over to judo. The decision was chronicled in a documentary film about her life called “Mrs. Judo” that has been on the festival circuit in recent months.
“That was my marriage,” a tearful Fukuda said in Japanese in the film. “I chose judo over marriage. I never imagined I would live so long with this.”
Female judo teachers in Japan were not allowed to marry, and Fukuda did not want to give up the sport, Fernandez said.
In another restriction placed on Fukuda because of her gender, she was barred from competing on the mat against an opponent, Fernandez said. But she demonstrated judo techniques with a partner at the 1964 Olympics in Tokyo, the year judo was introduced as an Olympic sport.
Fukuda came to the United States in 1966 and became a U.S. citizen six years later, founding her San Francisco-based school around 1970. Her motto for herself and those she taught was, “Be strong, be gentle, be beautiful.”
“Judo, it’s not just a sport, it’s a mental, physical and spiritual centering of your life, and it’s an art and a science as well, and her life was totally in balance,” Fernandez said.
(Reporting by Alex Dobuzinskis; Editing by Dan Whitcomb and Todd Eastham)
Where: University of Arizona, Student Recreation Center (UA Rec Center) 1400 East 6th Street, Tucson, Arizona 85721
When: Friday-Sunday March 8-10, 2013
Cost: $150 per person – Includes participation in all workshops, entry to the exhibition, seminar T-shirt, boards for breaking and Fridays tournament!
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Master Benny Teh held his first rank testing (Kup/Dan Classing MAS-001) under the auspices of the Kido Kwan™ recently and we would like to congratulate not only Master Teh, but all of his students who tested and passed with great results!
New Rank NAME Certificate #
2nd Dan Kai Boon Teh 2-201-3046
1st Kup Jie Lin Teh 3047-1801-1
4th Kup Aaron Teh 3048-3913-4
4th Kup Gabriel Yap 3049-3914-4
4th Kup Pang Yong Yi 3053-3914-4
8th Kup Ruvina Danaraj 3050-5511-8
8th Kup Kong kah Meng 3051-551208