Foot Techniques (Bal Gisool) 발 기술

Taekwon-Do is widely recognized for its superiority in foot techniques, not only in  their use as attacking tools, but also for imaginative manner in which the feet  are employed in blocking, dodging and the myriad of flying motions that offer the student the facility of speed, balance, flexibility, adroitness, coordination, and so on.

A. ATTACKING TECHNIQUES (Gong Gyok Gi Sul) 공격 기술

These are classified into piercing kicks, thrusting kicks, smashing kicks, pressing kicks, pushing kicks, straight kicks, sweeping kicks, consecutive kicks and flying kicks.  The common principles of all these kicks are:

1. The maximum use of the knee spring of the stationary leg should always be employed.

2. To prepare oneself for the next motion and to prevent the leg from being grabbed, the kicking foot must be withdrawn immediately after the kick with few exceptions.

3. Body weight should be shifted to the kicking leg at the point of contact, then shifted back to the stationary leg.

4. A strong stance should be maintained with the stationary foot.

5. Once the kick to be delivered is decided, the body must be adjusted toward the target.

6. Do not allow the stationary foot to pivot at the moment of impact.

7. Never raise the heel of the stationary foot at the moment of impact.

8. The knee of the stationary leg must be bent slightly to maintain the balance at the point of impact, except in the case of a pressing kick.

9. The range and point of focus must be calculated exactly.  An adjustment must be made for the opponent who is either too close or too far from the attacker.

10. With few exceptions, every movement must begin with a backward motion to gain momentum, increasing mass and velocity.

High Kick (Nopunde Chagi) 높은 차기  If the attacking tool reaches the same level of the attackers (the person kicking) eyes (or higher) at the moment of impact, it is called a high attack/kick.  The attacking tool can rah the temple, philtrum, armpit, solar plexus or other vital spots depending on the height of the opponents.

Middle Kick (Kaunde Chagi) 차기  If the attacking tool reaches the same level of the attacker’s (the person kicking) shoulder at the moment of impact, it is called a middle kick.

Low Kick (Najunde Chagi) 차기 When the attacking tool reaches the same level of the umbilicus (belly button) of the attacker (the kicker) at the moment of impact, it is called a low attack.

English – Kick Prefixes Korean
Front
Side
Piercing
Raising
Thrusting
Snap
Skipping
Dodging Kick
Consecutive
Combination Kick
Direction of Kicks
Foot Shifting
Spot Kicks

Ap
Yop
Cha Jirugi
Olligi
Cha Tulgi
Cha Busigi
Durokamyo
Pihamyo Chagi
Yonsuk Chagi 연속 차기
Honhap Chagi
Chon Bang Hyang
Jajun Bal
Gujari Chagi

English – Kicks Korean – Chagi 차기
Hooking
Reverse Hooking
Turning
Side Turning (On 75 degrees)
Reverse Turning
Twisting
Low Twisting
Middle Twisting
High Twisting
Downward
Pick-Shape Kick
Crescent
Front Rising
Side Rising
Front Piercing
Side Piercing
Reverse Hooking
Back Piercing
Front Snap Kick
Vertical
Stamping
Sweeping
Straight Kick
Foot Tackling
Counter Kick
Punching Kick
U-Shape Punching Kick
Side Punching Kick
Front Punching Kick
Horizontal Striking Kick
Grasping Kick
Pressing Kick
Inward Kick
Outward Kick
Upward Kick (Knee)
Side Front Snap Kick
Back Snap Kick
Side Pushing Kick
Back Pushing Kick
Double Kick
Triple Kick
Skip Kick
Waving Kick
Checking
Front Checking
Side Checking
Hooking Kick

Golcha Chagi
Bandae Dollyo Gorochagi
Dollyo Chagi
Yop Dollyo Chagi
Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Bituro Chagi
Najunde Bituro Chagi
Kaunde Bituro Chagi
Nopunde Bituro Chagi
Naero Chagi
Gokaeng-I Chagi
Bandal Chagi
Apcha Olligi
Yopcha Olligi
Apcha Jirugi
Yop Cha Jirugi
Bandae Dollyo Goro
Dwitcha Jirugi
Apcha Busigi
Sewo Chagi
Cha Bapgi
Suroh Chagi
Jigeau Chagi
Bal Golgi 발 클기
Bada Chagi
Jirumyo Chagi
Digutja Jirumyo Chagi
Yop Jirumyo Chagi
Ap Jirumyo Chagi
Soopyong Taerimyo Chagi
Butjapyo Chagi
Noollo Chagi 누르 차기
Anuro Chagi 안으로 차기
Baturo Chagi
Ollyo Chagi
Yopap Cha Busigi
Dwitcha Busigi
Yopcha Milgi
Dwitcha Milgi
I-Jung Chagi
Samjung Chagi
Duro Gamyo Chagi
Doro Chagi
Cha Mumchugi
Apcha Momchugi
Yopcha Momchugi
Golcho Chagi

English – Flying Techniques Korean – Twimyo Gisool
Flying Kick
2 Directional Kick
Flying Front Kick
Flying Side Front Kick
Flying Turning Kick
Flying Hooking Kick
Flying Reverse Turning Kick
Flying Side Piercing Kick
Flying Side Thrusting Kick
Flying Side Pushing Kick
Flying High Kick
Flying Twisting Kick
Flying Crescent Kick
Flying Two Directional Kick
Flying Three Directional Kick
Flying Twin Foot Front Kick
Flying Front-Back Kick
Flying Combination Kick
Flying Consecutive Kick
Overhead Kick
Overhead Double Kick
Flying Verticle Kick
Flying High Kick
Flying Downward Kick
Flying Twin Foot Front Kick
Flying Twin Foot Front Checking Kick
Flying Twin Foot Side Piercing Kick
Flying Double Foot Side Pushing Kick
Flying Twin Foot Middle Twisting Kick
Flying Twin Foot High Kick
Mid-Air Kick
Mid-Air Double Kick
Tumbling Kick (Back Summersault)
Flying Spiral Kick
Flying Scissors-shape Kick
Flying Square Punching Kick
Flying Trapezoid Punching Kick
Flying U-shape Punching Kick
Flying Horizontal Striking Kick
Flying Crescent Kick
Flying Hooking Kick
Flying Double Side Kick
Flying Double Turning Kick
Flying Double Front Kick
Flying Double Twisting Kick
Flying Triple Kick
Reflex Kick (using wall)

Twimyo Chagi
Sangbang Chagi
Twimyo Ap Chagi
Twimyo Yobap Chagi
Twimyo Yop Chagi
Twimyo Golcho Chagi
Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Twimyo Yopcha Jirugi
Twimyo Yopcha Tulgi
Twimyo Yopcha Milgi
Twimyo Nopi Chagi
Twimyo Bituro Chagi
Twimyo Bandal Chagi
Twimyo Sangbang Chagi
Twimyo Sambang Chagi
Twimyo Sangbal Ap Chagi
Twimyo Apdwi Chagi
Twimyo Honap Chagi
Twimyo Yonsok Chagi
Twio Nomo Chagi
Twio Nomo I-Jung Chagi
Twimyo Sewo Chagi
Twimyo Nopi Chagi
Twimyo Naeryo Chagi
Twimyo Sangbal Ap Chagi
Twimyo Sangbal Apcha Momchugi
Twimyo Sangbal Yopcha Jirugi
Twimyo Doobal Yopcha Milgi
Twimyo Sangbal Kaude Bituro Chagi
Twimyo Sangbal Nopi Chagi
Twio Dolmyo Chagi
Twio Dolmyo I – Jung Chagi
Joma Chagi
Twimyo Rasonsik Chagi
Twimyo Kawi Chagi
Twio Sagak Jirumyo Chagi
Twio Jaegak Jirumyo Chagi
Twio Digutja Jirumyo Chagi
Twio Soopyong Taerimyo Chagi
Twimyo Bandal Chagi
Twimyo Golcho Chagi
Twimyo I – Jung Yop Chagi
Twimyo I – Jung Dollyo Chagi
Twimyo I – Jung Ap Chagi
Twimyo I – Jung Bituro Chagi
Twimyo Samjung Chagi
Bansa Chagi

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