Kanku Dai

KANKU DAI

Having 65 movements, Kanku Dai is the longest of the Sentei kata, as well as one of the longest kata in the Shotokan syllabus. Kanku translates as “Looking at the Sky” or “Viewing the Sky,” referring to the kata’s opening sequence. The word Dai (big) is used to describe the kata’s larger movements as compared to the kata’s smaller version, Kanku Sho. Kanku is one of three Shotokan kata that have two versions, Dai (big) and Sho (small). Originally, the kata was called Kushanku, named after a Chinese diplomat and kung fu expert. It is uncertain if this diplomat actually created the kata (or if he even existed), but many credit the kata to one of his alleged students, Santunuku Sakugawa.
Kanku Dai is basically an amalgamation of the Heian and Tekki kata. When practicing this kata, one will find many pieces of H2-H5, and even some T1. It is a very energetic kata involving jumping, dropping, and spinning techniques. It is said that this was Gichin Funakoshi’s favorite kata. Although the kata tends to favor the use of shuto-uchi, Kanku Dai offers two unique combinations, ura-zuki & ude-tate-fuse and gedan-uke/furiage. The very difficult jumping nidan-geri is also first practiced in this kata. Kanku Dai has many high and low techniques, requiring a certain amount of flexibility. It is a highly dynamic kata that must be performed with grace in motion.

#
Technique
Translation
Stance
Target
Notes
1
ryote-hitae-mae-ue

both hands in front and above forehead
hachiji-dachi
jodan
slow speed
2
ryote-kafukubu-mae

both hands in front of abdomen
hachiji-dachi

slow speed
3
haiwan-uke

back of arm block
kokutsu-dachi
jodan

4
haiwan-uke

back of arm block
kokutsu-dachi
jodan

5
tate-shuto-uke

vertical knife-hand block
hachiji-dachi
chudan
slow speed
6
tsuki (choku-zuki)

punch (straight punch)
hachiji-dachi
chudan

7
uchi-uke

inside block
hizakutsu
chudan

8
tsuki (choku-zuki)

punch (straight punch)
hachiji-dachi
chudan

9
uchi-uke

inside block
hizakutsu
chudan

10
ryoken-koshi-kamae

both fists hip posture
ashi-dachi

11
uraken-yoko-mawashi-uchi /
yoko-geri-keage

sideways back-fist strike /
side snap kick
ashi-dachi
jodan
chudan

12
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

13
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

14
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

15*
osae-uke /
shihon-nukite (tate-nukite)
pressing block /
four finger spear-hand (vertical spear-hand)
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan
chudan

16
shuto-gedan-barai &
jodan-uke /
shuto-soto-mawashi-uchi
low knife-hand sweep &
face block /
outside sword-hand strike
ashi-zenkutsu
gedan
jodan
jodan
gyaku-hanmi
17
mae-geri

front kick
ashi-dachi
jodan

18
uchi-uke /
gedan-uke (manji-uke)
inside block /
down block (swirling block)
kokutsu-dachi
jodan
gedan

19
nagashi-uke /
shuto-uchikomi
flowing block /
knife-hand thrusting strike
ashi-zenkutsu

jodan
gedan

20
gedan-barai

down block
renoji-dachi
gedan
slow speed
21
shuto-gedan-barai &
jodan-uke /
shuto-soto-mawashi-uchi
low knife-hand sweep &
face block /
outside sword-hand strike
ashi-zenkutsu
gedan
jodan
jodan
gyaku-hanmi
22
mae-geri

front kick
ashi-dachi
jodan

23
uchi-uke /
gedan-uke (manji-uke)
inside block /
down block (swirling block)
kokutsu-dachi
jodan
gedan

24
nagashi-uke /
shuto-uchikomi
flowing block /
knife-hand thrusting strike
ashi-zenkutsu
jodan
gedan

25
gedan-barai

down block
renoji-dachi
gedan
slow speed
26
ryoken-koshi-kamae

both fists hip posture
ashi-dachi

27
uraken-yoko-mawashi-uchi /
yoko-geri-keage
sideways back-fist strike /
side snap kick
ashi-dachi
jodan
chudan

28
mae-empi-uchi

front elbow strike
zenkutsu-dachi

29
ryoken-koshi-kamae

both fists hip posture
ashi-dachi

30
uraken-yoko-mawashi-uchi /
yoko-geri-keage
sideways back-fist strike /
side snap kick
ashi-dachi
jodan
chudan

31
mae-empi-uchi

front elbow strike
zenkutsu-dachi

32
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

33
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

34
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

35
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

36
shuto-gedan-barai &
jodan-uke /
shuto-soto-mawashi-uchi
low knife-hand sweep &
face block /
outside sword-hand strike
ashi-zenkutsu
gedan
jodan
jodan
gyaku-hanmi
37
mae-geri

front kick
ashi-dachi
jodan

38
uraken-tate-mawashi-uchi

vertical back-fist strike
kosa-dachi
jodan

39
uchi-uke

inside block
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan

40
gyaku-zuki

reverse punch
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan

41
tsuki

punch
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan

42
soete-ura-zuki /
hiza-zuchi
added hand inverted punch /
knee strike
ashi-dachi
jodan

43
ude-tate-fuse

arms vertically prone
ashi-zenkutsu

44
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
gedan

45
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

46
uchi-uke

inside block
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan

47
gyaku-zuki

reverse punch
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan

48
uchi-uke

inside block
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan

49
gyaku-zuki

reverse punch
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan

50
tsuki

punch
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan

51
ryoken-koshi-kamae

both fists hip posture
ashi-dachi

52
uraken-yoko-mawashi-uchi /
yoko-geri-keage
sideways back-fist strike /
side snap kick
ashi-dachi
jodan
chudan

53
shuto-uke

knife-hand block
kokutsu-dachi
chudan

54
osae-uke /
shihon-nukite (tate-nukite)
pressing block /
four finger spear-hand (vertical spear-hand)
zenkutsu-dachi
chudan
chudan

55
uraken-tate-mawashi-uchi

vertical back-fist strike
kiba-dachi
jodan

56
kentsui-uchi-mawashi-uchi

inside hammer-fist strike
kiba-dachi
chudan
yori-ashi
57
sokumen-mae-empi-uchi

front elbow strike to side
kiba-dachi

58
ryoken-koshi-kamae

both fists hip posture
kiba-dachi

59
gedan-barai

down block
kiba-dachi
gedan

60
zenwan-gedan-uke /
furiage
forearm down block /
rising swing
kiba-dachi
gedan
jodan
fumikomi variation
61
otoshi-zuki

falling punch
kiba-dachi
gedan

62
kaisho-kosa-uke
(ryosho-juji-uke)
both palms crossing block
(X-block)
hachiji-dachi
jodan

63
ashi-jiku-mawari

foot pivot rotation
zenkutsu-dachi

natural speed
64
ryoken-mune-mae-kosa

both fists crossed in front of chest
zenkutsu-dachi

slow speed
65*
nidan-geri
&
uraken-tate-mawashi-uchi
two level kick
&
vertical back-fist strike

zenkutsu-dachi
chudan
jodan
jodan