Blocking in Taekwon-Do

BLOCKING ?? (Makki)

The types of blocks vary according to the relative position of the blocking tool, facing posture, method of blocking , type of blocking tool and the purpose of the block. There are also some basic principles that should be observed.

1. Keep the arm bent 15-45 degrees so you are able to intercept the attacking tool obliquely.

2. Never extend the blocking tool beyond the point of focus.

3. At the moment of blocking, lower the shoulder of the blocking arm slightly.

4. With few exceptions, the blocking tool must be withdrawn immediately after contact.

5. The blocking tool should form a triangle, with few exceptions, from the contact point upwards to the shoulders.

BLOCKING LEVELS

High Block ???? (Nopunde Makki) If the fist or fingertip reaches the same level of the defenders eyes at he moment of the block, it is called a high block. It is used to intercept the opponent’s attacking tool directed toward the neck and points above. it can be executed from nearly all stances and is performed with forearm, knife hand, reverse knife hand, palm, side fist, back hand and double forearm.

Middle Block ???? (Kaunde Makki) If the fist or fingertip reaches the same level as the defenders shoulder, it is called a middle block. It is used to intercept the opponent’s attacking tool directed against the solar plexus and areas above. It can also be executed from almost every stance and is performed with the same weapon employed for a high block in addition to the foot. The side instep, side sole, footsword, ball of the foot, and back sole play an important role in this block.

Low Block ???? (Najunde Makki) The purpose of this technique is to intercept an opponent’s attacking foot or hand directed against the lower abdomen or points below. The blocking tool, with rare exceptions, must make impact with the attacker’s foot or hand at the same level as the target area. The low block is performed with the outer forearm, knife hand, reverse knife hand, palm and side sole.

Inward Block ??? (Anuro Makki) If the blocking tool reaches the target from an outward to inward trajectory to the chest line, it is called an inward block. This block can be executed from all stances and is used for blocking the attacking foot or hand directed towards the chest line. An inward block cannot be performed with an inner forearm or backhand.

Outward Block ????(Bakuro Makki) When the blocking tool reaches the target from an inward to outward trajectory, it is called an outward block. It can be performed with any stance. An outward block is not possible with the palm.

Front Block ?? (Ap Makki) If the body is full facing the target and blocking tool stays at the center of the defenders body, regardless of the blocking tool, stance used or previous position of the opponent, the block is called a front block. It is mainly performed with the outer forearm, knife hand, twin palm, and palm, thought occasionally X-fist, X-knife hand and reverse knife and are used.

Side Block ?? (Yop Makki) When the body is half or side facing the opponent at the moment of the block, regardless of the blocking tool, stance use, or previous position of the opponent, it is called a side block. This block can be performed with any stance, and every block tool. The blocking tool is focused toward the center of the defender’s shoulders.

BLOCKS:

FOREARM LOW BLOCK

PALM LOW BLOCK

KNIFE HAND LOW BLOCK

REVERSE KNIFE HAND LOW BLOCK

X-FIST

TWIN PALM

DOUBLE FOREARM BLOCK

WAIST BLOCK

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